MiFID: One Year On

This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive).

Author(s):

Jean-Rene Giraud

Director of Development, EDHEC Risk and Asset Management Research Centre

These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened.
Pdf
MiFID: One Year On...
(-1.00 B)
Type: Position paper
Date: le 23/07/2009
Extra information : Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC.
Research Cluster : Finance

See Also

Bond Portfolio Optimization in the Presence of Duration Constraints - EDHEC-Risk Institute research article in the Journal of Fixed Income
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These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened.

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string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "5cf29198-18f8-4d08-ac1d-a61bc68d486c" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(10) "text_plain" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "2" ["#title"]=> string(7) "Fichier" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(13) "field_fichier" ["#field_type"]=> string(4) "file" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "84a8fb71-8591-4dc2-ace0-5c73ce109724" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(553) " These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "55" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-07-23 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11316" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "16135" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3c1a13c1-1df3-4014-acb5-ac0bcb8765fe" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(294) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8918" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8918" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10462) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "5cf29198-18f8-4d08-ac1d-a61bc68d486c" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } ["#formatter"]=> string(12) "file_default" [0]=> array(2) { ["#theme"]=> string(9) "file_link" ["#file"]=> object(stdClass)#352 (13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(275) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["#title"]=> string(15) "Type de fichier" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(21) "field_type_de_fichier" ["#field_type"]=> string(23) "taxonomy_term_reference" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> 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In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." 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[1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "5cf29198-18f8-4d08-ac1d-a61bc68d486c" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { 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["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "84a8fb71-8591-4dc2-ace0-5c73ce109724" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(553) " These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "55" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-07-23 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11316" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "16135" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3c1a13c1-1df3-4014-acb5-ac0bcb8765fe" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(294) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8918" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8918" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10462) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { 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In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "55" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-07-23 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11316" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "16135" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3c1a13c1-1df3-4014-acb5-ac0bcb8765fe" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(294) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." 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["format"]=> NULL } } ["#formatter"]=> string(12) "text_default" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(390) "

Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ]

Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC.

" } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(19) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "6" ["#title"]=> string(9) "Author(s)" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(5) "above" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(24) "field_publication_auteur" ["#field_type"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(4) "node" ["#bundle"]=> string(11) "publication" ["#object"]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "84a8fb71-8591-4dc2-ace0-5c73ce109724" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(553) " These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." 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In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." 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[1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "5cf29198-18f8-4d08-ac1d-a61bc68d486c" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(10) "text_plain" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "2" ["#title"]=> string(7) "Fichier" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(13) "field_fichier" ["#field_type"]=> string(4) "file" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "84a8fb71-8591-4dc2-ace0-5c73ce109724" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(553) " These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "55" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-07-23 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11316" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "16135" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3c1a13c1-1df3-4014-acb5-ac0bcb8765fe" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(294) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8918" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8918" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10462) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "5cf29198-18f8-4d08-ac1d-a61bc68d486c" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } ["#formatter"]=> string(12) "file_default" [0]=> array(2) { ["#theme"]=> string(9) "file_link" ["#file"]=> object(stdClass)#352 (13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(275) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["#title"]=> string(15) "Type de fichier" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(21) "field_type_de_fichier" ["#field_type"]=> string(23) "taxonomy_term_reference" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "84a8fb71-8591-4dc2-ace0-5c73ce109724" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(553) " These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "55" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-07-23 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11316" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "16135" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3c1a13c1-1df3-4014-acb5-ac0bcb8765fe" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(294) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8918" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8918" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10462) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "5cf29198-18f8-4d08-ac1d-a61bc68d486c" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } ["#formatter"]=> string(29) "taxonomy_term_reference_plain" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(3) "Pdf" } } ["#pre_render"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(30) "_field_extra_fields_pre_render" } ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#theme"]=> string(6) "entity" ["#entity"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "84a8fb71-8591-4dc2-ace0-5c73ce109724" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(553) " These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." 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["format"]=> NULL } } ["#formatter"]=> string(12) "text_default" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(390) "

Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ]

Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC.

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In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." 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In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "55" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-07-23 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11316" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "16135" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3c1a13c1-1df3-4014-acb5-ac0bcb8765fe" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(294) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." 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array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10462) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["field_name"]=> 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collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "5cf29198-18f8-4d08-ac1d-a61bc68d486c" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(10) "text_plain" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "2" ["#title"]=> string(7) "Fichier" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(13) "field_fichier" ["#field_type"]=> string(4) "file" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "84a8fb71-8591-4dc2-ace0-5c73ce109724" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(553) " These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "55" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-07-23 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11316" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "16135" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3c1a13c1-1df3-4014-acb5-ac0bcb8765fe" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(294) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8918" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8918" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10462) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "5cf29198-18f8-4d08-ac1d-a61bc68d486c" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } ["#formatter"]=> string(12) "file_default" [0]=> array(2) { ["#theme"]=> string(9) "file_link" ["#file"]=> object(stdClass)#352 (13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(275) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["#title"]=> string(15) "Type de fichier" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(21) "field_type_de_fichier" ["#field_type"]=> string(23) "taxonomy_term_reference" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "84a8fb71-8591-4dc2-ace0-5c73ce109724" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(553) " These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "55" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-07-23 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11316" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "16135" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3c1a13c1-1df3-4014-acb5-ac0bcb8765fe" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(294) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8918" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8918" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10462) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "5cf29198-18f8-4d08-ac1d-a61bc68d486c" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } ["#formatter"]=> string(29) "taxonomy_term_reference_plain" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(3) "Pdf" } } ["#pre_render"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(30) "_field_extra_fields_pre_render" } ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#theme"]=> string(6) "entity" ["#entity"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "84a8fb71-8591-4dc2-ace0-5c73ce109724" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(553) " These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "55" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-07-23 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11316" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "16135" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3c1a13c1-1df3-4014-acb5-ac0bcb8765fe" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(294) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8918" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8918" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10462) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" ["field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "5cf29198-18f8-4d08-ac1d-a61bc68d486c" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11317" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973195jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "1937708" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a7db80fd-5cc9-4b1b-b0dd-68d168df4ce0" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { 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In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." 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Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ]

Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC.

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string(24) "field_publication_auteur" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "a65fc625-3287-4c5e-b36a-1710ce4287ed" ["field_nom"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(16) "Jean-Rene Giraud" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(16) "Jean-Rene Giraud" } } } ["field_professeur_edhec"]=> array(0) { } ["field_fonction"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(72) "Director of Development, EDHEC Risk and Asset Management Research Centre" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(72) "Director of Development, EDHEC Risk and Asset Management Research Centre" } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(16) "Jean-Rene Giraud" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(16) "Jean-Rene Giraud" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(12) "text_default" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(16) "Jean-Rene Giraud" } } ["field_fonction"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "3" ["#title"]=> string(8) "Fonction" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(5) "above" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(14) "field_fonction" ["#field_type"]=> string(9) "text_long" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(24) "field_publication_auteur" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#363 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(18) "MiFID: One Year On" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "1e473da4-4251-47b8-9262-19a44763ddd8" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10462" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027746" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "84a8fb71-8591-4dc2-ace0-5c73ce109724" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342510" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(553) " These changes are hard to quantify, but initial fears of the rise of so-called dark pools of liquidity have proven well founded. In addition, the best execution obligation remains ambiguous. The paper examines other features of the post-MiFID trade execution landscape and recommends that post-trade reporting be standardised, that a single measure of execution quality be adopted, and that the debate on regulating transactions in less liquid asset classes and giant OTC derivatives markets be re-opened. " ["summary"]=> string(195) "This position paper looks at the changes that have been effected in the European capital markets more than one year after the implementation of MiFID (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive)." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "55" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-07-23 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11316" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1246951668545&ID_FICHE=4308" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "16135" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3c1a13c1-1df3-4014-acb5-ac0bcb8765fe" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8917" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8917" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(294) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Séverine Anjubault, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ severine.anjubault@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8918" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8918" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10462) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8918" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8918" ["field_name"]=> string(24) "field_publication_auteur" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=>