In this paper, we analyze the rules and the practices of disclosure by parliamentarians in 126 countries.
The World Bank
EDHEC Business School
The analysis is based on a multi-year study of the laws governing financial and business disclosure of parliamentarians, including implementation and compliance. We pay attention to 1) the existence of disclosure mandates, 2) public availability of disclosures by law and in practice, 3) the extent of the information being disclosed, and 4) actual compliance with disclosure rules. We use this information to construct several indices of political transparency for sample countries, and to assess both their determinants and their effect on corruption.
|Research Cluster :||Finance|