Optimal Allocation to Hedge Funds: An Empirical Analysis

Jaksa Cvitanic, Ali Lazrak, Lionel Martellini, Fernando Zapatero: What percentage of their portfolio should investors allocate to hedge funds?

Auteur(s) :

Jaksa Cvitanic

University of Southern California

Ali Lazrak

University of British Columbia

Lionel Martellini

Marshall School of Business, University of Southern CaliforniaEDHEC Business School

Fernando Zapatero

Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California

The only available answers to the above question are set in a static mean-variance framework, with no explicit accounting for uncertainty on the active manager’s ability to generate abnormal return, and usually generate unreasonably high allocations to hedge funds. In this paper, we apply the model introduced in Cvitanic, Lazrak, Martellini and Zapatero (2002b) for optimal investment strategies in the presence of uncertain abnormal returns to a database of hedge funds. We find that the presence of model risk significantly decreases an investor’s optimal allocation to hedge funds. Another finding of this paper is that low beta hedge funds may serve as natural substitutes for a significant portion of an investor's risk-free asset holdings.
Pdf
Optimal Allocation to Hedge Funds: An Empirical Analysis...
(-1.00 B)
Type : Working paper
Date : le 01/01/2003
Complément d'informations For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]
Pôle de recherche Finance

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The only available answers to the above question are set in a static mean-variance framework, with no explicit accounting for uncertainty on the active manager’s ability to generate abnormal return, and usually generate unreasonably high allocations to hedge funds. In this paper, we apply the model introduced in Cvitanic, Lazrak, Martellini and Zapatero (2002b) for optimal investment strategies in the presence of uncertain abnormal returns to a database of hedge funds. We find that the presence of model risk significantly decreases an investor’s optimal allocation to hedge funds.
Another finding of this paper is that low beta hedge funds may serve as natural substitutes for a significant portion of an investor's risk-free asset holdings.

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Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (2014), Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (2012 ; 2013), Bankers, Markets & Investors (2012 ; 2013 ; 2014 ; 2015), Journal of Investment Management (2011), European Financial Management Journal (2010), Banques & Marchés (2008), Journal of Mathematical Economics (2008), Journal of Performance Measurement (2003), Journal of Asset Management (2003), Journal of Alternative Investments (2003 ; 2004 ; 2008 ; 2011 ; 2015 ; 2017), Financial Analysts Journal (2003 ; 2011), Economic & Financial Computing (2004), Journal of Portfolio Management (2004 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2008 ; 2009 ; 2010 ; 2011 ; 2012 ; 2014 ; 2015 ; 2017), Journal of Fixed Income (2005 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2015), Managerial Finance (2005), Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control (2005), Management Science (2006), Journal of Financial Risk Management (2006), Review of Financial Studies (2006 ; 2010), European Financial Management Journal(2007 ; 2010)

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Asset Allocation, Derivatives, Fixed Income Modelling, and Alternative Investment

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In this paper, we apply the model introduced in Cvitanic, Lazrak, Martellini and Zapatero (2002b) for optimal investment strategies in the presence of uncertain abnormal returns to a database of hedge funds. We find that the presence of model risk significantly decreases an investor’s optimal allocation to hedge funds. Another finding of this paper is that low beta hedge funds may serve as natural substitutes for a significant portion of an investor's risk-free asset holdings. " ["summary"]=> string(143) "Jaksa Cvitanic, Ali Lazrak, Lionel Martellini, Fernando Zapatero: What percentage of their portfolio should investors allocate to hedge funds?" 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Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (2014), Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (2012 ; 2013), Bankers, Markets & Investors (2012 ; 2013 ; 2014 ; 2015), Journal of Investment Management (2011), European Financial Management Journal (2010), Banques & Marchés (2008), Journal of Mathematical Economics (2008), Journal of Performance Measurement (2003), Journal of Asset Management (2003), Journal of Alternative Investments (2003 ; 2004 ; 2008 ; 2011 ; 2015 ; 2017), Financial Analysts Journal (2003 ; 2011), Economic & Financial Computing (2004), Journal of Portfolio Management (2004 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2008 ; 2009 ; 2010 ; 2011 ; 2012 ; 2014 ; 2015 ; 2017), Journal of Fixed Income (2005 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2015), Managerial Finance (2005), Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control (2005), Management Science (2006), Journal of Financial Risk Management (2006), Review of Financial Studies (2006 ; 2010), European Financial Management Journal(2007 ; 2010)

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Asset Allocation, Derivatives, Fixed Income Modelling, and Alternative Investment

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (2014), Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (2012 ; 2013), Bankers, Markets & Investors (2012 ; 2013 ; 2014 ; 2015), Journal of Investment Management (2011), European Financial Management Journal (2010), Banques & Marchés (2008), Journal of Mathematical Economics (2008), Journal of Performance Measurement (2003), Journal of Asset Management (2003), Journal of Alternative Investments (2003 ; 2004 ; 2008 ; 2011 ; 2015 ; 2017), Financial Analysts Journal (2003 ; 2011), Economic & Financial Computing (2004), Journal of Portfolio Management (2004 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2008 ; 2009 ; 2010 ; 2011 ; 2012 ; 2014 ; 2015 ; 2017), Journal of Fixed Income (2005 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2015), Managerial Finance (2005), Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control (2005), Management Science (2006), Journal of Financial Risk Management (2006), Review of Financial Studies (2006 ; 2010), European Financial Management Journal(2007 ; 2010)

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Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (2014), Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (2012 ; 2013), Bankers, Markets & Investors (2012 ; 2013 ; 2014 ; 2015), Journal of Investment Management (2011), European Financial Management Journal (2010), Banques & Marchés (2008), Journal of Mathematical Economics (2008), Journal of Performance Measurement (2003), Journal of Asset Management (2003), Journal of Alternative Investments (2003 ; 2004 ; 2008 ; 2011 ; 2015 ; 2017), Financial Analysts Journal (2003 ; 2011), Economic & Financial Computing (2004), Journal of Portfolio Management (2004 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2008 ; 2009 ; 2010 ; 2011 ; 2012 ; 2014 ; 2015 ; 2017), Journal of Fixed Income (2005 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2015), Managerial Finance (2005), Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control (2005), Management Science (2006), Journal of Financial Risk Management (2006), Review of Financial Studies (2006 ; 2010), European Financial Management Journal(2007 ; 2010)

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (2014), Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (2012 ; 2013), Bankers, Markets & Investors (2012 ; 2013 ; 2014 ; 2015), Journal of Investment Management (2011), European Financial Management Journal (2010), Banques & Marchés (2008), Journal of Mathematical Economics (2008), Journal of Performance Measurement (2003), Journal of Asset Management (2003), Journal of Alternative Investments (2003 ; 2004 ; 2008 ; 2011 ; 2015 ; 2017), Financial Analysts Journal (2003 ; 2011), Economic & Financial Computing (2004), Journal of Portfolio Management (2004 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2008 ; 2009 ; 2010 ; 2011 ; 2012 ; 2014 ; 2015 ; 2017), Journal of Fixed Income (2005 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2015), Managerial Finance (2005), Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control (2005), Management Science (2006), Journal of Financial Risk Management (2006), Review of Financial Studies (2006 ; 2010), European Financial Management Journal(2007 ; 2010)

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Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (2014), Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (2012 ; 2013), Bankers, Markets & Investors (2012 ; 2013 ; 2014 ; 2015), Journal of Investment Management (2011), European Financial Management Journal (2010), Banques & Marchés (2008), Journal of Mathematical Economics (2008), Journal of Performance Measurement (2003), Journal of Asset Management (2003), Journal of Alternative Investments (2003 ; 2004 ; 2008 ; 2011 ; 2015 ; 2017), Financial Analysts Journal (2003 ; 2011), Economic & Financial Computing (2004), Journal of Portfolio Management (2004 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2008 ; 2009 ; 2010 ; 2011 ; 2012 ; 2014 ; 2015 ; 2017), Journal of Fixed Income (2005 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2015), Managerial Finance (2005), Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control (2005), Management Science (2006), Journal of Financial Risk Management (2006), Review of Financial Studies (2006 ; 2010), European Financial Management Journal(2007 ; 2010)

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Asset Allocation, Derivatives, Fixed Income Modelling, and Alternative Investment

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In this paper, we apply the model introduced in Cvitanic, Lazrak, Martellini and Zapatero (2002b) for optimal investment strategies in the presence of uncertain abnormal returns to a database of hedge funds. We find that the presence of model risk significantly decreases an investor’s optimal allocation to hedge funds. Another finding of this paper is that low beta hedge funds may serve as natural substitutes for a significant portion of an investor's risk-free asset holdings. " ["summary"]=> string(143) "Jaksa Cvitanic, Ali Lazrak, Lionel Martellini, Fernando Zapatero: What percentage of their portfolio should investors allocate to hedge funds?" 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Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (2014), Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (2012 ; 2013), Bankers, Markets & Investors (2012 ; 2013 ; 2014 ; 2015), Journal of Investment Management (2011), European Financial Management Journal (2010), Banques & Marchés (2008), Journal of Mathematical Economics (2008), Journal of Performance Measurement (2003), Journal of Asset Management (2003), Journal of Alternative Investments (2003 ; 2004 ; 2008 ; 2011 ; 2015 ; 2017), Financial Analysts Journal (2003 ; 2011), Economic & Financial Computing (2004), Journal of Portfolio Management (2004 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2008 ; 2009 ; 2010 ; 2011 ; 2012 ; 2014 ; 2015 ; 2017), Journal of Fixed Income (2005 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2015), Managerial Finance (2005), Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control (2005), Management Science (2006), Journal of Financial Risk Management (2006), Review of Financial Studies (2006 ; 2010), European Financial Management Journal(2007 ; 2010)

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Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (2014), Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (2012 ; 2013), Bankers, Markets & Investors (2012 ; 2013 ; 2014 ; 2015), Journal of Investment Management (2011), European Financial Management Journal (2010), Banques & Marchés (2008), Journal of Mathematical Economics (2008), Journal of Performance Measurement (2003), Journal of Asset Management (2003), Journal of Alternative Investments (2003 ; 2004 ; 2008 ; 2011 ; 2015 ; 2017), Financial Analysts Journal (2003 ; 2011), Economic & Financial Computing (2004), Journal of Portfolio Management (2004 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2008 ; 2009 ; 2010 ; 2011 ; 2012 ; 2014 ; 2015 ; 2017), Journal of Fixed Income (2005 ; 2006 ; 2007 ; 2015), Managerial Finance (2005), Journal of Economic Dynamics & Control (2005), Management Science (2006), Journal of Financial Risk Management (2006), Review of Financial Studies (2006 ; 2010), European Financial Management Journal(2007 ; 2010)

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Lionel Martellini, PhD, is Professor of Finance at EDHEC Business School and Director of EDHEC-Risk Institute. He is a former member of the faculty at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, and has also taught at U.C. Berkeley and at Princeton University, where he has been a visiting fellow at the Operations Research and Financial Engineering department.

Professor Martellini holds Master’s Degrees in Management (ESCP Europe), Economics (ENSAE), Mathematics (Paris 6 University) and Statistics (Paris 6 University), as well as a PhD in Finance from the Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley. Outside of his activities in finance, he recently completed a PhD in Relativistic Astrophysics (University Côte d'Azur) and has become a member of the LIGO/Virgo international collaboration for the observation of gravitational waves.

Professor Martellini is a member of the editorial board of The Journal of Portfolio Management,  The Journal of Alternative Investments, and The Journal of Retirement. He conducts active research in a broad range of topics related to investment solutions for individual and institutional investors, equity and fixed-income portfolio construction, risk management and derivatives valuation. His work has been published in leading academic and practitioner journals and has been featured in major European and global dailies such as The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. He has co-authored reference textbooks on topics related to Alternative Investment Strategies, Fixed-Income Securities, and is preparing a new textbook on Investment Solutions.

Professor Martellini has served as a consultant for large institutional investors, investments banks and asset management firms on a number of questions related to risk and asset allocation decisions, and is a regular speaker in seminars and conferences on these subjects.

 

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Asset Allocation, Derivatives, Fixed Income Modelling, and Alternative Investment

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In this paper, we apply the model introduced in Cvitanic, Lazrak, Martellini and Zapatero (2002b) for optimal investment strategies in the presence of uncertain abnormal returns to a database of hedge funds. We find that the presence of model risk significantly decreases an investor’s optimal allocation to hedge funds. Another finding of this paper is that low beta hedge funds may serve as natural substitutes for a significant portion of an investor's risk-free asset holdings. " ["summary"]=> string(143) "Jaksa Cvitanic, Ali Lazrak, Lionel Martellini, Fernando Zapatero: What percentage of their portfolio should investors allocate to hedge funds?" 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In this paper, we apply the model introduced in Cvitanic, Lazrak, Martellini and Zapatero (2002b) for optimal investment strategies in the presence of uncertain abnormal returns to a database of hedge funds. We find that the presence of model risk significantly decreases an investor’s optimal allocation to hedge funds. Another finding of this paper is that low beta hedge funds may serve as natural substitutes for a significant portion of an investor's risk-free asset holdings. " ["summary"]=> string(143) "Jaksa Cvitanic, Ali Lazrak, Lionel Martellini, Fernando Zapatero: What percentage of their portfolio should investors allocate to hedge funds?" 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