Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

Author(s):

Cédric Manara

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?...
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Type: EDHEC Publication
Date: le 24/09/2012
Extra information :

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

Research Cluster : LegalEdhec

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Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "56" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "77" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16134" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16134" } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(168) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "56" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "77" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16134" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16134" } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(168) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(12) "text_default" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

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An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "56" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "77" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16134" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16134" } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(168) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "56" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "77" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16134" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16134" } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(168) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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" ["#suffix"]=> string(6) "
" ["#attached"]=> array(1) { ["css"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(61) "sites/all/modules/field_collection/field_collection.theme.css" } } } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "3" ["#title"]=> string(27) "Information complémentaire" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(5) "above" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(30) "field_complement_d_information" ["#field_type"]=> string(9) "text_long" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(4) "node" ["#bundle"]=> string(11) "publication" ["#object"]=> object(stdClass)#216 (40) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["title"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16135" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16135" } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } ["name"]=> string(28) "stephanie.malherbe@edhec.edu" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> string(171) "a:5:{s:16:"ckeditor_default";s:1:"t";s:20:"ckeditor_show_toggle";s:1:"t";s:14:"ckeditor_width";s:4:"100%";s:13:"ckeditor_lang";s:2:"en";s:18:"ckeditor_auto_lang";s:1:"t";}" ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(168) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(19) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "6" ["#title"]=> string(9) "Author(s)" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(5) "above" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(24) "field_publication_auteur" ["#field_type"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(4) "node" ["#bundle"]=> string(11) "publication" ["#object"]=> object(stdClass)#216 (40) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["title"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "56" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "77" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16134" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16134" } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(168) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16135" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16135" } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } ["name"]=> string(28) "stephanie.malherbe@edhec.edu" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> string(171) "a:5:{s:16:"ckeditor_default";s:1:"t";s:20:"ckeditor_show_toggle";s:1:"t";s:14:"ckeditor_width";s:4:"100%";s:13:"ckeditor_lang";s:2:"en";s:18:"ckeditor_auto_lang";s:1:"t";}" ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16135" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16135" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(21) "field_collection_view" [0]=> array(4) { ["entity"]=> array(1) { ["field_collection_item"]=> array(1) { [16135]=> array(9) { ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["field_nom"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["#title"]=> string(3) "Nom" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(5) "above" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(9) "field_nom" ["#field_type"]=> string(4) "text" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(24) "field_publication_auteur" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#251 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (40) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["title"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "56" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "77" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16134" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16134" } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(168) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16135" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16135" } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } ["name"]=> string(28) "stephanie.malherbe@edhec.edu" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> string(171) "a:5:{s:16:"ckeditor_default";s:1:"t";s:20:"ckeditor_show_toggle";s:1:"t";s:14:"ckeditor_width";s:4:"100%";s:13:"ckeditor_lang";s:2:"en";s:18:"ckeditor_auto_lang";s:1:"t";}" ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(13698) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(5) "16135" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16135" ["field_name"]=> string(24) "field_publication_auteur" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "ec375b52-b79f-400a-809e-3c279cc9003f" ["field_nom"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(14) "Cédric Manara" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(14) "Cédric Manara" } } } ["field_professeur_edhec"]=> array(0) { } ["field_fonction"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(14) "Cédric Manara" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(14) "Cédric Manara" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(12) "text_default" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(14) "Cédric Manara" } } ["#pre_render"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(30) "_field_extra_fields_pre_render" } ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(24) "field_publication_auteur" ["#theme"]=> string(6) "entity" ["#entity"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#251 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (40) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["title"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

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Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16135" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16135" } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } ["name"]=> string(28) "stephanie.malherbe@edhec.edu" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> string(171) "a:5:{s:16:"ckeditor_default";s:1:"t";s:20:"ckeditor_show_toggle";s:1:"t";s:14:"ckeditor_width";s:4:"100%";s:13:"ckeditor_lang";s:2:"en";s:18:"ckeditor_auto_lang";s:1:"t";}" ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(5) "image" [0]=> array(4) { ["#theme"]=> string(15) "image_formatter" ["#item"]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["#image_style"]=> string(0) "" ["#path"]=> string(0) "" } } ["field_documents"]=> array(19) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "4" ["#title"]=> string(9) "Documents" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#field_type"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(4) "node" ["#bundle"]=> string(11) "publication" ["#object"]=> object(stdClass)#216 (40) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["title"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "56" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "77" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16134" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16134" } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(168) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16135" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16135" } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } ["name"]=> string(28) "stephanie.malherbe@edhec.edu" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> string(171) "a:5:{s:16:"ckeditor_default";s:1:"t";s:20:"ckeditor_show_toggle";s:1:"t";s:14:"ckeditor_width";s:4:"100%";s:13:"ckeditor_lang";s:2:"en";s:18:"ckeditor_auto_lang";s:1:"t";}" ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16134" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16134" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(21) "field_collection_view" [0]=> array(4) { ["entity"]=> array(1) { ["field_collection_item"]=> array(1) { [16134]=> array(11) { ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["field_title"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "1" ["#title"]=> string(5) "Title" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(11) "field_title" ["#field_type"]=> string(4) "text" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#283 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (40) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["title"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "56" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "77" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16134" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16134" } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(168) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(167) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

" } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16135" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16135" } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } ["name"]=> string(28) "stephanie.malherbe@edhec.edu" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> string(171) "a:5:{s:16:"ckeditor_default";s:1:"t";s:20:"ckeditor_show_toggle";s:1:"t";s:14:"ckeditor_width";s:4:"100%";s:13:"ckeditor_lang";s:2:"en";s:18:"ckeditor_auto_lang";s:1:"t";}" ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(13698) 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["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(10) "text_plain" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "2" ["#title"]=> string(7) "Fichier" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(13) "field_fichier" ["#field_type"]=> string(4) "file" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#283 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (40) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["title"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "1" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b353a988-458d-445b-9a1f-29f82133613f" ["nid"]=> string(5) "13698" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6c2fc0ad-9972-4457-9eb8-2ee125cd2ad4" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["revision_uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(1892) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "56" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "77" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> string(19) "2012-09-24 00:00:00" ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(16) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "15103" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(20) "pub-contents-185.jpg" ["uri"]=> string(29) "public://pub-contents-185.jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(10) "image/jpeg" ["filesize"]=> string(4) "6036" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480784948" ["type"]=> string(5) "image" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "733efebf-b25f-483b-b3a7-fb77d5a782ea" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["image_dimensions"]=> array(2) { ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } ["alt"]=> string(0) "" ["title"]=> string(0) "" ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(5) "16134" ["revision_id"]=> string(5) "16134" } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(168) "

For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["summary"]=> string(191) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(1867) "

When the people who upload or exploit content in an illegal way do so for profit, if it were possible to cut off the financing they use, this might be an effective means of combating the spread of their activities.

Original mechanisms have already been invented to combat online fraud; what they have in common is that they target the profits made by the fraudsters through their illegal activities. These mechanisms were the result of either self-regulation – as the example of the battle against the fraudulent practice of domain name tasting shows – or legislation – it is the way the United States fights against illegal online gambling.

There are two main types of revenue made from online activities: money paid directly to service providers and money received indirectly through monetization. In studying the possibility of targeting the financial circuits that benefit those engaged in an illegal activity, direct and indirect revenue must be distinguished. It appears that the identification of a payment made through these intermediaries, a payment that profits a particular individual, whether known or unknown and who operates an illegal online activity, may lead to the suspension of the payment if it can be established that it encouraged this activity or brought profit to the person behind it.

An individual who notices that an illegal activity is in partial or full infringement of his rights could notify the intermediary(ies) used by the illegal business to receive payments. Such intermediaries would then take one measure or more. Intermediaries would be compelled to suspend payments to the operators of illegal sites in cases where it is clear that the beneficiary is engaged in the monetization of patently illegal content, with due process rules that would guarantee the rights of the person affected. 

" ["safe_summary"]=> string(190) "

Although the Internet has provided economic growth, new forms of social exchange and political revolution, it has also been the field for new types of fraud and rights infringements.

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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For more information, please contact EDHEC Research and Development Department [ research@drd.edhec.edu ]

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string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "1519a613-7657-415a-bfe0-ac43ce22edf1" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(67) "Attacking the Money Supply to Fight Against Online Illegal Content?" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "22724" ["uid"]=> string(3) "330" ["filename"]=> string(47) "edhec_position_paper_attacking_money_supply.pdf" ["uri"]=> string(56) "public://edhec_position_paper_attacking_money_supply.pdf" ["filemime"]=> string(15) "application/pdf" ["filesize"]=> string(7) "2111450" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1493891390" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "3879df00-ad9d-48ef-a42a-3d5fc20229c8" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> string(0) "" } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#265 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } }