Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs

Following the 2008 financial crisis, private financial institutions such as hedge funds and private equity funds have been faced with multiple calls for their regulation, both for consumer protection and systemic reasons.

Author(s):

Francois-Serge Lhabitant

Chief Investment Officer, Kedge Capital Fund Management LtdAffiliate Professor of Finance, EDHEC Business School

Various proposals for a new regulation have been made and are currently under discussion. The hedge fund community is also open to reasonable regulations. In this article, we discuss some of the key aspects of the SEC and the European Union proposals and argue that both of them suffer from severe shortcomings. An adoption in their current form would challenge the long-term viability of private financial institutions, particularly in Europe, and seriously reduce their benefits for investors and financial markets.
Pdf
Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the G...
(-1.00 B)
Type: Working paper
Date: le 09/11/2009
Extra information : Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Joanne Finlay, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ joanne.finlay@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC.
Research Cluster : Finance

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["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b31affc0-071e-4672-832b-812797a545cd" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10450" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027739" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342489" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "2c51c55b-8847-4850-82e0-c437b22c0811" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342489" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(565) " Various proposals for a new regulation have been made and are currently under discussion. The hedge fund community is also open to reasonable regulations. In this article, we discuss some of the key aspects of the SEC and the European Union proposals and argue that both of them suffer from severe shortcomings. An adoption in their current form would challenge the long-term viability of private financial institutions, particularly in Europe, and seriously reduce their benefits for investors and financial markets. " ["summary"]=> string(221) "Following the 2008 financial crisis, private financial institutions such as hedge funds and private equity funds have been faced with multiple calls for their regulation, both for consumer protection and systemic reasons." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "58" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-11-09 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11292" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1265102877572&ID_FICHE=4800" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1265102877572&ID_FICHE=4800" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "12964" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "16969857-213f-49eb-9231-8c748028eac4" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8882" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8882" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(277) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Joanne Finlay, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ joanne.finlay@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." 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The hedge fund community is also open to reasonable regulations. In this article, we discuss some of the key aspects of the SEC and the European Union proposals and argue that both of them suffer from severe shortcomings. An adoption in their current form would challenge the long-term viability of private financial institutions, particularly in Europe, and seriously reduce their benefits for investors and financial markets. " ["summary"]=> string(221) "Following the 2008 financial crisis, private financial institutions such as hedge funds and private equity funds have been faced with multiple calls for their regulation, both for consumer protection and systemic reasons." 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The hedge fund community is also open to reasonable regulations. In this article, we discuss some of the key aspects of the SEC and the European Union proposals and argue that both of them suffer from severe shortcomings. An adoption in their current form would challenge the long-term viability of private financial institutions, particularly in Europe, and seriously reduce their benefits for investors and financial markets. " ["summary"]=> string(221) "Following the 2008 financial crisis, private financial institutions such as hedge funds and private equity funds have been faced with multiple calls for their regulation, both for consumer protection and systemic reasons." 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Journal of Wealth Management (2009 ; 2011), Journal of Applied Research in Accounting and Finance (2010), Revue d'Economie Financière (2005), Journal of Financial Transformation (2001 ; 2004 ; 2005 ; 2006, Journal of Alternative Investments (2003), Banques & Marchés (2003), Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (2002), Journal of Risk Finance (2001)

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Journal of Wealth Management (2009 ; 2011), Journal of Applied Research in Accounting and Finance (2010), Revue d'Economie Financière (2005), Journal of Financial Transformation (2001 ; 2004 ; 2005 ; 2006, Journal of Alternative Investments (2003), Banques & Marchés (2003), Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (2002), Journal of Risk Finance (2001)

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The hedge fund community is also open to reasonable regulations. In this article, we discuss some of the key aspects of the SEC and the European Union proposals and argue that both of them suffer from severe shortcomings. An adoption in their current form would challenge the long-term viability of private financial institutions, particularly in Europe, and seriously reduce their benefits for investors and financial markets. " ["summary"]=> string(221) "Following the 2008 financial crisis, private financial institutions such as hedge funds and private equity funds have been faced with multiple calls for their regulation, both for consumer protection and systemic reasons." 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Journal of Wealth Management (2009 ; 2011), Journal of Applied Research in Accounting and Finance (2010), Revue d'Economie Financière (2005), Journal of Financial Transformation (2001 ; 2004 ; 2005 ; 2006, Journal of Alternative Investments (2003), Banques & Marchés (2003), Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (2002), Journal of Risk Finance (2001)

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Journal of Wealth Management (2009 ; 2011), Journal of Applied Research in Accounting and Finance (2010), Revue d'Economie Financière (2005), Journal of Financial Transformation (2001 ; 2004 ; 2005 ; 2006, Journal of Alternative Investments (2003), Banques & Marchés (2003), Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (2002), Journal of Risk Finance (2001)

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collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6078f03f-73b0-4103-8e11-d08903785c13" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11293" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973537jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973537jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(6) "219266" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "c741674f-14b3-4fb8-b00f-d7f960fe93d9" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(10) "text_plain" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "2" ["#title"]=> string(7) "Fichier" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(13) "field_fichier" ["#field_type"]=> string(4) "file" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10450" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b31affc0-071e-4672-832b-812797a545cd" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10450" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027739" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342489" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "2c51c55b-8847-4850-82e0-c437b22c0811" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342489" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(565) " Various proposals for a new regulation have been made and are currently under discussion. The hedge fund community is also open to reasonable regulations. In this article, we discuss some of the key aspects of the SEC and the European Union proposals and argue that both of them suffer from severe shortcomings. An adoption in their current form would challenge the long-term viability of private financial institutions, particularly in Europe, and seriously reduce their benefits for investors and financial markets. " ["summary"]=> string(221) "Following the 2008 financial crisis, private financial institutions such as hedge funds and private equity funds have been faced with multiple calls for their regulation, both for consumer protection and systemic reasons." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "58" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-11-09 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11292" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1265102877572&ID_FICHE=4800" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1265102877572&ID_FICHE=4800" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "12964" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "16969857-213f-49eb-9231-8c748028eac4" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8882" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8882" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(277) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Joanne Finlay, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ joanne.finlay@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8883" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8883" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10450) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8882" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8882" ["field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6078f03f-73b0-4103-8e11-d08903785c13" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11293" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973537jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973537jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(6) "219266" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "c741674f-14b3-4fb8-b00f-d7f960fe93d9" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11293" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973537jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973537jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(6) "219266" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "c741674f-14b3-4fb8-b00f-d7f960fe93d9" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } ["#formatter"]=> string(12) "file_default" [0]=> array(2) { ["#theme"]=> string(9) "file_link" ["#file"]=> object(stdClass)#352 (13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11293" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(275) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973537jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973537jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(6) "219266" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "c741674f-14b3-4fb8-b00f-d7f960fe93d9" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["#title"]=> string(15) "Type de fichier" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(6) "hidden" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(21) "field_type_de_fichier" ["#field_type"]=> string(23) "taxonomy_term_reference" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10450" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b31affc0-071e-4672-832b-812797a545cd" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10450" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027739" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342489" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "2c51c55b-8847-4850-82e0-c437b22c0811" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342489" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(565) " Various proposals for a new regulation have been made and are currently under discussion. The hedge fund community is also open to reasonable regulations. In this article, we discuss some of the key aspects of the SEC and the European Union proposals and argue that both of them suffer from severe shortcomings. An adoption in their current form would challenge the long-term viability of private financial institutions, particularly in Europe, and seriously reduce their benefits for investors and financial markets. " ["summary"]=> string(221) "Following the 2008 financial crisis, private financial institutions such as hedge funds and private equity funds have been faced with multiple calls for their regulation, both for consumer protection and systemic reasons." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "58" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-11-09 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11292" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1265102877572&ID_FICHE=4800" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1265102877572&ID_FICHE=4800" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "12964" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "16969857-213f-49eb-9231-8c748028eac4" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8882" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8882" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(277) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Joanne Finlay, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ joanne.finlay@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8883" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8883" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10450) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8882" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8882" ["field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" [1]=> string(7) "item_id" } } ["token type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["configuration"]=> bool(false) ["uuid"]=> bool(true) } ["idKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["nameKey":protected]=> string(7) "item_id" ["statusKey":protected]=> string(6) "status" ["defaultLabel":protected]=> bool(false) ["wrapper":protected]=> NULL ["uuid"]=> string(36) "6078f03f-73b0-4103-8e11-d08903785c13" ["field_title"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" } } } ["field_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(13) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11293" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(72) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973537jpg" ["uri"]=> string(98) "public://publications/pdf/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1328885973537jpg" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(6) "219266" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "c741674f-14b3-4fb8-b00f-d7f960fe93d9" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["display"]=> string(1) "1" ["description"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_de_fichier"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["taxonomy_term"]=> object(stdClass)#356 (12) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "33" ["vid"]=> string(1) "8" ["name"]=> string(3) "Pdf" ["description"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["weight"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "8fcea7ed-9687-49cd-8d86-f09b1383a4e4" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["i18n_tsid"]=> string(1) "0" ["vocabulary_machine_name"]=> string(7) "fichier" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(5) { ["rdftype"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:Concept" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(10) "rdfs:label" [1]=> string(14) "skos:prefLabel" } } ["description"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "skos:definition" } } ["vid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(13) "skos:inScheme" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["parent"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(12) "skos:broader" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } } } } ["#formatter"]=> string(29) "taxonomy_term_reference_plain" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(3) "Pdf" } } ["#pre_render"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(30) "_field_extra_fields_pre_render" } ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["#theme"]=> string(6) "entity" ["#entity"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#281 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10450" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b31affc0-071e-4672-832b-812797a545cd" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10450" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027739" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342489" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "2c51c55b-8847-4850-82e0-c437b22c0811" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342489" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(565) " Various proposals for a new regulation have been made and are currently under discussion. The hedge fund community is also open to reasonable regulations. In this article, we discuss some of the key aspects of the SEC and the European Union proposals and argue that both of them suffer from severe shortcomings. An adoption in their current form would challenge the long-term viability of private financial institutions, particularly in Europe, and seriously reduce their benefits for investors and financial markets. " ["summary"]=> string(221) "Following the 2008 financial crisis, private financial institutions such as hedge funds and private equity funds have been faced with multiple calls for their regulation, both for consumer protection and systemic reasons." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "58" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-11-09 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11292" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1265102877572&ID_FICHE=4800" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1265102877572&ID_FICHE=4800" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "12964" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "16969857-213f-49eb-9231-8c748028eac4" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8882" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8882" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(277) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Joanne Finlay, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ joanne.finlay@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8883" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8883" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_revue"]=> array(0) { } ["field_cible"]=> array(0) { } ["field_classement_cnrs"]=> array(0) { } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(9) { ["rdftype"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(9) "sioc:Item" [1]=> string(13) "foaf:Document" } ["title"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(8) "dc:title" } } ["created"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(7) "dc:date" [1]=> string(10) "dc:created" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["changed"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(11) "dc:modified" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } ["body"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(15) "content:encoded" } } ["uid"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:has_creator" } ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["hostEntityId":protected]=> int(10450) ["hostEntityRevisionId":protected]=> bool(false) ["hostEntityType":protected]=> string(4) "node" ["langcode":protected]=> string(3) "und" ["item_id"]=> string(4) "8882" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8882" ["field_name"]=> string(15) "field_documents" ["default_revision"]=> string(1) "1" ["archived"]=> string(1) "0" ["entityType":protected]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["entityInfo":protected]=> array(25) { ["label"]=> string(21) "Field collection item" ["label callback"]=> string(18) "entity_class_label" ["uri callback"]=> string(16) "entity_class_uri" ["entity class"]=> string(25) "FieldCollectionItemEntity" ["controller class"]=> string(19) "EntityAPIController" ["base table"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["revision table"]=> string(30) "field_collection_item_revision" ["fieldable"]=> bool(true) ["redirect"]=> bool(false) ["entity keys"]=> array(4) { ["id"]=> string(7) "item_id" ["revision"]=> string(11) "revision_id" ["bundle"]=> string(10) "field_name" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["module"]=> string(16) "field_collection" ["view modes"]=> array(4) { ["full"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(12) "Full content" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["diff_standard"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) "Field collection field_publication_auteur" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(58) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-publication-auteur" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } } ["static cache"]=> bool(true) ["field cache"]=> bool(true) ["load hook"]=> string(26) "field_collection_item_load" ["translation"]=> array(0) { } ["base table field types"]=> array(5) { ["item_id"]=> string(6) "serial" ["revision_id"]=> string(3) "int" ["field_name"]=> string(7) "varchar" ["archived"]=> string(3) "int" ["uuid"]=> string(4) "char" } ["schema_fields_sql"]=> array(2) { ["base table"]=> array(5) { [0]=> string(7) "item_id" [1]=> string(11) "revision_id" [2]=> string(10) "field_name" [3]=> string(8) "archived" [4]=> string(4) "uuid" } ["revision table"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(11) "revision_id" 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Journal of Wealth Management (2009 ; 2011), Journal of Applied Research in Accounting and Finance (2010), Revue d'Economie Financière (2005), Journal of Financial Transformation (2001 ; 2004 ; 2005 ; 2006, Journal of Alternative Investments (2003), Banques & Marchés (2003), Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (2002), Journal of Risk Finance (2001)

" ["summary"]=> string(0) "" ["format"]=> string(9) "full_html" ["safe_value"]=> string(369) "

Journal of Wealth Management (2009 ; 2011), Journal of Applied Research in Accounting and Finance (2010), Revue d'Economie Financière (2005), Journal of Financial Transformation (2001 ; 2004 ; 2005 ; 2006, Journal of Alternative Investments (2003), Banques & Marchés (2003), Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (2002), Journal of Risk Finance (2001)

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} ["type"]=> string(3) "rel" } ["name"]=> array(1) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(9) "foaf:name" } } ["comment_count"]=> array(2) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(16) "sioc:num_replies" } ["datatype"]=> string(11) "xsd:integer" } ["last_activity"]=> array(3) { ["predicates"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(23) "sioc:last_activity_date" } ["datatype"]=> string(12) "xsd:dateTime" ["callback"]=> string(12) "date_iso8601" } } ["path"]=> array(1) { ["pathauto"]=> string(1) "1" } ["name"]=> string(0) "" ["picture"]=> string(1) "0" ["data"]=> NULL ["print_html_display"]=> int(1) ["print_html_display_comment"]=> int(0) ["print_html_display_urllist"]=> int(1) } ["access"]=> bool(true) } } } ["field_fonction"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(112) "Chief Investment Officer, Kedge Capital Fund Management LtdAffiliate Professor of Finance, EDHEC Business School" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(112) "Chief Investment Officer, Kedge Capital Fund Management LtdAffiliate Professor of Finance, EDHEC Business School" } } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["entity_view_prepared"]=> bool(true) } ["#items"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(24) "Francois-Serge Lhabitant" ["format"]=> NULL ["safe_value"]=> string(24) "Francois-Serge Lhabitant" } } ["#formatter"]=> string(12) "text_default" [0]=> array(1) { ["#markup"]=> string(24) "Francois-Serge Lhabitant" } } ["field_professeur_edhec"]=> array(16) { ["#theme"]=> string(5) "field" ["#weight"]=> string(1) "2" ["#title"]=> string(16) "Professeur Edhec" ["#access"]=> bool(true) ["#label_display"]=> string(5) "above" ["#view_mode"]=> string(4) "full" ["#language"]=> string(3) "und" ["#field_name"]=> string(22) "field_professeur_edhec" ["#field_type"]=> string(15) "entityreference" ["#field_translatable"]=> string(1) "0" ["#entity_type"]=> string(21) "field_collection_item" ["#bundle"]=> string(24) "field_publication_auteur" ["#object"]=> object(FieldCollectionItemEntity)#363 (24) { ["fieldInfo":protected]=> NULL ["hostEntity":protected]=> object(stdClass)#216 (39) { ["vid"]=> string(5) "10450" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["title"]=> string(90) "Regulating Private Financial Institutions: How to Kill the Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs" ["log"]=> string(0) "" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["comment"]=> string(1) "0" ["promote"]=> string(1) "0" ["sticky"]=> string(1) "0" ["vuuid"]=> string(36) "b31affc0-071e-4672-832b-812797a545cd" ["nid"]=> string(5) "10450" ["type"]=> string(11) "publication" ["language"]=> string(3) "und" ["created"]=> string(10) "1474027739" ["changed"]=> string(10) "1480342489" ["tnid"]=> string(1) "0" ["translate"]=> string(1) "0" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "2c51c55b-8847-4850-82e0-c437b22c0811" ["revision_timestamp"]=> string(10) "1480342489" ["revision_uid"]=> string(1) "1" ["body"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(3) { ["value"]=> string(565) " Various proposals for a new regulation have been made and are currently under discussion. The hedge fund community is also open to reasonable regulations. In this article, we discuss some of the key aspects of the SEC and the European Union proposals and argue that both of them suffer from severe shortcomings. An adoption in their current form would challenge the long-term viability of private financial institutions, particularly in Europe, and seriously reduce their benefits for investors and financial markets. " ["summary"]=> string(221) "Following the 2008 financial crisis, private financial institutions such as hedge funds and private equity funds have been faced with multiple calls for their regulation, both for consumer protection and systemic reasons." ["format"]=> NULL } } } ["field_type_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "58" } } } ["field_pole_recherche"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(1) { ["tid"]=> string(2) "60" } } } ["field_date"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(5) { ["value"]=> string(19) "2009-11-09 00:00:00" ["value2"]=> NULL ["timezone"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["timezone_db"]=> string(12) "Europe/Paris" ["date_type"]=> string(8) "datetime" } } } ["field_image_publication"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(15) { ["fid"]=> string(5) "11292" ["uid"]=> string(1) "0" ["filename"]=> string(87) "com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1265102877572&ID_FICHE=4800" ["uri"]=> string(116) "public://publications/images/com.univ.collaboratif.utils.LectureFichiergw?ID_FICHIER=1265102877572&ID_FICHE=4800" ["filemime"]=> string(24) "application/octet-stream" ["filesize"]=> string(5) "12964" ["status"]=> string(1) "1" ["timestamp"]=> string(10) "1474027736" ["type"]=> string(7) "default" ["uuid"]=> string(36) "16969857-213f-49eb-9231-8c748028eac4" ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } ["alt"]=> NULL ["title"]=> NULL ["width"]=> string(3) "185" ["height"]=> string(3) "262" } } } ["field_documents"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(2) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(4) "8882" ["revision_id"]=> string(4) "8882" } [1]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> NULL ["revision_id"]=> NULL } } } ["field_lien"]=> array(0) { } ["field_complement_d_information"]=> array(1) { ["und"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(2) { ["value"]=> string(277) "Pour plus d'informations, nous vous prions de vous adresser à Joanne Finlay, Direction de la recherche de l'EDHEC [ joanne.finlay@edhec.edu ] Les opinions exprimées sont celles des auteurs et n'engagent pas la responsabilité de l'EDHEC." 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{ ["label"]=> string(19) "Revision comparison" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["print"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(5) "Print" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } ["token"]=> array(2) { ["label"]=> string(6) "Tokens" ["custom settings"]=> bool(false) } } ["access callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_access" ["deletion callback"]=> string(28) "field_collection_item_delete" ["metadata controller class"]=> string(37) "FieldCollectionItemMetadataController" ["bundles"]=> array(2) { ["field_documents"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(32) "Field collection field_documents" ["admin"]=> array(4) { ["path"]=> string(62) "admin/structure/field-collections/%field_collection_field_name" ["real path"]=> string(49) "admin/structure/field-collections/field-documents" ["bundle argument"]=> int(3) ["access arguments"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(28) "administer field collections" } } ["rdf_mapping"]=> array(0) { } } ["field_publication_auteur"]=> array(3) { ["label"]=> string(41) 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Journal of Wealth Management (2009 ; 2011), Journal of Applied Research in Accounting and Finance (2010), Revue d'Economie Financière (2005), Journal of Financial Transformation (2001 ; 2004 ; 2005 ; 2006, Journal of Alternative Investments (2003), Banques & Marchés (2003), Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (2002), Journal of Risk Finance (2001)

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Journal of Wealth Management (2009 ; 2011), Journal of Applied Research in Accounting and Finance (2010), Revue d'Economie Financière (2005), Journal of Financial Transformation (2001 ; 2004 ; 2005 ; 2006, Journal of Alternative Investments (2003), Banques & Marchés (2003), Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (2002), Journal of Risk Finance (2001)

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Journal of Wealth Management (2009 ; 2011), Journal of Applied Research in Accounting and Finance (2010), Revue d'Economie Financière (2005), Journal of Financial Transformation (2001 ; 2004 ; 2005 ; 2006, Journal of Alternative Investments (2003), Banques & Marchés (2003), Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (2002), Journal of Risk Finance (2001)

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The hedge fund community is also open to reasonable regulations. In this article, we discuss some of the key aspects of the SEC and the European Union proposals and argue that both of them suffer from severe shortcomings. An adoption in their current form would challenge the long-term viability of private financial institutions, particularly in Europe, and seriously reduce their benefits for investors and financial markets. " ["summary"]=> string(221) "Following the 2008 financial crisis, private financial institutions such as hedge funds and private equity funds have been faced with multiple calls for their regulation, both for consumer protection and systemic reasons." 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